Everyone knows what conservation is. Saving the earth, animals etc. But do many really know what really goes into it? Science! A huge chunk of conservation revolves around science. In order to save an ecosystem or preserve some species of animal, you need to know everything there is to know about what you’re trying to conserve. For example, maybe you’re trying to conserve a species of salamander. You’d need to know its diet, what months out of the year it’s most active, its breeding season, its developmental stages and so much more.
Geography. Some very important questions regarding the location of the species need to be asked. Where exactly does it live? Does it migrate? How does the weather affect it throughout the year? Without geography, fully understanding the species would not be possible.
History. This might seem irrelevant when it comes to conservation. Many might not think science and history could rely so much on each other. For example, how has the population of this species changes over the last century or so? What events have positively or negatively effected its existence? These questions might lead to a solution that may not be as clear without the history aspect.
Psychology. While this subject usually pertains to humans, it can be applied to animal behavior. How does the animal react to certain situations, like the weather or human intervention? It important to understand the behavior in order to properly interact with the natural world.
While it may seem that conservation is mostly science based, there are a number of other equally important subjects that make it as effective as it can possibly be.
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